Recently on CRI an article on Which Causes which out of Atmospheric Temperature and CO2 content? was posted, and this was circulated to other blogs and much interesting discussion ensued, particularly on TallBloke’s Talkshop. This discussion raised the Cycles in Sunspot Number Reconstruction for 11,000 Years article about C14 isotope ratio being used as a Solar Cycle Proxy and the question of the similarity of Be10 use as a proxy was asked. So here is an analysis of the Be10 data obtained from this source:

Solar Irradiance reconstruction from 10Be, World Data Center for Paleoclimatology, Boulder and NOAA Paleoclimatology Program

NAME OF DATA SET: Holocene Total Solar Irradiance Reconstruction

LAST UPDATE: 11/2009 (Original Receipt by WDC Paleo)

CONTRIBUTORS: Steinhilber, F., J. Beer, and C. Fröhlich.

IGBP PAGES/WDCA CONTRIBUTION SERIES NUMBER: 2009-133

link: ftp://ftp.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/paleo/climate_forcing/solar_variability/steinhilber2009tsi.txt

At 9,370 years long, this time series compares to the 11,000 year C14 record. If both are reliable indicators of Solar Activity cycles, then we would expect some similarity in the cycles found. Firstly, the actual time series:

The data was at intervals of 5 years, so is suitable for analysis of longer cycles. The spectrum found is:

Some of the strong cycles periods found are very similar to those found in the C14 reconstruction, 351 years (352), 207 years (208), 104.7 years (104.3), 86.1 years (87.6 and 84.7). Some cycles are similar but no longer significant (around 500 years). The very long cycles are not confirmed, but remember that the time interval used here is a bit shorter.

Because the 207 year cycle is very strong, it is once again examined by use of a 3 cycle filter.

Just as in the case of the 208 year cycle in the C14 solar proxy, we have peaks occurring at around 1800 and 2000 and troughs at around 1700 and 1900. This clearly shows that the Sun was a contributing factor to temperature rises in the 20th century, and that its contribution for the next century will be towards cooling.

Graphs and analysis prepared using CATS.

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## About Ray Tomes

Ray's career was in computer software development including system
software design, economic modeling, investments. He spent 15 years full time on cycles research and has spoken on cycles and related topics at conferences and seminars around the world. He retired at age 42 to study cycles full time and work out “The Formula for the Universe” and as a result developed the Harmonics Theory as an explanation for observed patterns of cycles and structure of the Universe. His current project is the development of CATS (Cycles Analysis & Time Series) software, and collecting and organizing large quantities of time series data and analyzing this data to test and confirm Dewey's findings in an organized way. Interested in all aspects of cycles especially climate change and causes.

Ray, thanks for this excellent analysis. The peak at 976 years coincides with P.A. Semi’s calculation for the cycle of the internal distribution of angular momentum in the solar system.

The 350 year peak is around twice the Hose cycle, which is once again missing, which supports your contention that Hose miscalculated. Please tell us more about that and your interaction with Landscheidt.

When I spoke at FSC (Foundation for the study of Cycles) conference in about 1990, I mentioned that Fairbridge 179 year cycle is really 171 years on average. I described what I called “specific occurrences” of cycles of 179 and 159 years for J-S-U-N alignments and stated that the average was 171 years. Landscheidt was very vocal in sating that I was wrong, even after I explained to him that every 179 years U and N get 8 years apart, so that after 10 cycles they are totally wrong unless you insert some 159 year periods which are evident in Fairbridges graphs. Fairbridge was present and I think that he understood. Years later, I mentioned all this on the Landscheidt site, and the guy that runs that agreed with me about this.

At the time of writing I was not aware of the article by tchannon on Tallbloke’s blog: http://tallbloke.wordpress.com/2011/07/12/proxy-fixup-solar-10be-and-14c/

Very relevant to this.

Ray, great stuff, thanks for the refresher on the Hose cycle problem. So you met Rhodes too. Wish I’d had that pleasure. Tim’s analysis is very promising. I’m going to take a look at the CATS software soon and see what I can do with it.

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Ray,

You might find this comment of interest: http://www.leif.org/research/Comment-Planetary-Peaks.pdf