The Kepler Cluster Study: Stellar Rotation in NGC6811 is a new study resulting from NASA’s Kepler Mission. It has been found that the rotation period of cooler stars is a function of age and mass. This has applications for determining the age of stars in more general circumstances. The abstract states:
We present rotation periods for 71 single dwarf members of the open cluster NGC6811 determined using photometry from NASA’s Kepler Mission. The results are the first from The Kepler Cluster Study which combine Kepler’s photometry with ground-based spectroscopy for cluster membership and binarity. The rotation periods delineate a tight sequence in the NGC6811 color-period diagram from ~1 day at mid-F to ~11 days at early-K spectral type. This result extends to ~1 Gyr similar prior results in the ~600 Myr Hyades and Praesepe clusters, suggesting that rotation periods for cool dwarf stars delineate a well-defined surface in the 3-dimensional space of color (mass), rotation, and age. It implies that reliable ages can be derived for field dwarf stars with measured colors and rotation periods, and it promises to enable further understanding of various aspects of stellar rotation and activity for cool stars.
From the paper: